By Mark Thomson

Precise in its assurance of all features of recent particle physics, this textbook offers a transparent connection among the speculation and up to date experimental effects, together with the invention of the Higgs boson at CERN. It presents a accomplished and self-contained description of the traditional version of particle physics compatible for upper-level undergraduate scholars and graduate scholars learning experimental particle physics. actual concept is brought in a simple demeanour with complete mathematical derivations all through. Fully-worked examples let scholars to hyperlink the mathematical conception to effects from glossy particle physics experiments. End-of-chapter workouts, graded through trouble, supply scholars with a deeper realizing of the topic. on-line assets to be had at www.cambridge.org/MPP characteristic password-protected fully-worked recommendations to difficulties for teachers, numerical suggestions and tricks to the issues for college kids and PowerPoint slides and JPEGs of figures from the e-book

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**Example text**

The respective matrix elements depend on the coupling strengths of the strong and electromagnetic forces, |Mg |2 ∝ α2S and |Mγ |2 ∝ α2 . Because αS is two orders of magnitude greater than α, the contribution from the strong decay Feynman diagram dominates. The above example illustrates an important point; if a particle can decay by the strong interaction this will almost always dominate over any possible electromagnetic or weak decay processes. Similarly, electromagnetic decay modes will dominate over weak interaction processes.

2 Special relativity 33 In natural units, the relationship between α and the electron charge (which is not dimensionless) is simply α= 1 e2 ≈ . 2 Special relativity This section gives a brief overview of the basic concepts of special relativity, with the emphasis on the definition and application of four-vectors and the concept of Lorentz invariance and Lorentz invariant quantities. 1 The Lorentz transformation Special relativity is based on the space-time transformation properties of physical observables as measured in two or more inertial frames moving relative to each other.

2 Special relativity This section gives a brief overview of the basic concepts of special relativity, with the emphasis on the definition and application of four-vectors and the concept of Lorentz invariance and Lorentz invariant quantities. 1 The Lorentz transformation Special relativity is based on the space-time transformation properties of physical observables as measured in two or more inertial frames moving relative to each other. 1 shows a space-time event that occurs at (t, r) in the inertial frame Σ and at (t , r ) in the inertial frame Σ that is moving with a velocity v in the z-direction relative to the frame Σ.